I do so profoundly believe, that everyone should be treated the same the world over regardless of who they are or what they are. You see so many social injustices in every country these days, which make one actually wonder, if the times do actually get better or whether the same old things, just get packaged differently.I’m all for “living life simply” or to put it another way, living a life in which the things you do are not over complicated just for the sake of it or for the gains of others. Unfortunately all too often rules, regulations and procedures are changed or added to, so that it affects people’s lives and brings hardships on others, all in the pursuit of someone else’s personal gain. People should gain from working hard, but at the same time they should give back as much help to others, as the help they receive themselves.
All this brings me on to today’s topic, well actually he’s a “personality of yesterday” writer George Orwell, who always had a way of mixing in his feelings on the world he saw, into his writing and also into his nationally treasured novels.George Orwell as he was most famously known, was born Eric Arthur Blair on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, in British India. He was born into a family with distinguished roots, his great-grandfather had been a wealthy country gentleman in Dorset. He had married the daughter of the 8th Earl of Westmorland, who had at that time had plantations in Jamaica. His grandfather, Thomas Blair, was a clergyman and although the gentility passed down the generations, the prosperity did not.
Orwell always described his family as “lower-upper-middle class”. Richard Blair, his father, worked in the Opium Department of the Indian Civil Service, while his mother, Ida Mabel Blair (née Limouzin), grew up in Moulmein, Burma, where her French father was involved in speculative ventures.It was into this social setting George appeared on that June day in 1903. When George was one year old, his mother took him and his older sister to England. They settled with her children at Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire and George was brought up in the company of his mother and sisters, and apart from a brief visit in the summer of 1907,they did not see their father until 1912.His mother’s diary from 1905 describes a lively round of social activity and artistic interests. The family moved to Shiplake (house above) before the First World War, where George became friendly with the Buddicom family, especially their daughter Jacintha. Jacintha and George read and wrote poetry, and both dreamed of becoming famous writers. George said during this time that he might write a book in the style of H. G. Wells’s A Modern Utopia.
This was the start of the life of a writer commonly ranked as one of the most influential English writers of the 20th century, and as one of the most important chroniclers of English culture of his generation. Orwell wrote literary criticism, poetry, fiction, and polemical journalism. His book Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War, is widely acclaimed, as are his numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture.
The 1954 film adaptation
Orwell is best known for two novels, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, both of which were published toward the end of his life. Animal Farm (1945) was an anti-Soviet satire in a pastoral setting featuring two pigs as its main protagonists. These pigs were said to represent Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky. The novel brought Orwell great acclaim and financial rewards. In 1949, Orwell published another masterwork, Nineteen Eighty-Four (or 1984 in later editions). This bleak vision of the world divided into three oppressive nations stirred up controversy among reviewers, who found this fictional future too despairing. In the novel, Orwell gave readers a glimpse into what would happen if the government controlled every detail of a person’s life, down to their own private thoughts.
1984 made in 1956
Nineteen Eighty-Four was published in 1949, but Orwell was first set on the road to it at least 12 years earlier when he was fighting Franco’s insurgents in Spain as a member of a left-wing, but non-Stalinist militia, the Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification (POUM).Orwell had gone to Spain to fight Francoist fascism, but found himself face-to-face with another form of totalitarianism. The pro-Stalin communist forces in Spain turned on the POUM, branding them Trotskyist traitors.Nineteen Eighty-Four proved to be another huge success for the author, but he had little time to enjoy it. By this time, Orwell was in the late stages of his battle with tuberculosis. He died on January 21, 1950, in a London hospital. He may have passed away all too soon, but his ideas and opinions have lived on through his work. Both Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four have been turned into films and have enjoyed tremendous popularity over the years.
In 2008, The Times ranked him second on a list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945”. Orwell’s work continues to influence popular and political culture, and the term Orwellian — descriptive of totalitarian or authoritarian social practices — has entered the language together with several of his neologisms, including cold war, Big Brother, thought police, Room 101, doublethink. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism.
The social injustices that Orwell wrote about and the obsession people have to control others, still carry on to this day albeit in a slightly different way. Politicians, Councillors even bosses in the work place get obsessed by the power they have at their fingertips and they bring misery to the working majority,who strive only to live a stress free, debt free contented simple life.
*This post is brought to you with the help of ‘Wikipedia’ but mostly with the inspiration provided by her majesty Queen Elizabeth’s II’s department of “Revenue and Customs”